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Tag Archives: privilege
[caption id="attachment_10627" align="aligncenter" width="540"] Viagra For Sale, From left to right: Matt, Carl, Samantha (the author), and Cody at the Halo Station.[/caption]
“Let me just close the door so the other instructors don’t find out I’m letting you play Halo,” I joked to my Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies 100 class. I knew I was taking a risk on this teaching activity. I was worried that it would come across as a shameless, gimmicky attempt to glam up the difficult topic of intersectional oppression.
My friend and fellow WGSS 100 instructor Lauran planted the seed of the idea for this activity when she, citing my proclivity for video games, comprar en línea Viagra, comprar Viagra baratos, recommended that I read John Scalzi’s blog post “Straight White Male: The Lowest Difficulty Setting There Is.” I liked it. The article was clear, accessible and completely on point. Herbal Viagra, Scalzi’s argument is that being a straight white man is like playing a video game on easy mode: some challenges remain but the player is at an automatic advantage.
As I tried to think about how I would incorporate Scalzi’s article into a lesson on feminist theories of intersectionality, however, I realized that it couldn't do as much work as I would need it to. Scalzi’s article is a fantastic thought experiment revolving around a brilliant metaphor, Viagra For Sale. While I couldn't fault it for its simplicity, then, I realized that I would need a more complex metaphor that could capture the way in which systems of oppression interlock and compound each other’s effects.
That’s when Halo came to mind, Viagra over the counter. I wrote an article for First Person Scholar describing how the “skull system” in Halo virtually models the way in which systems of oppression, as Kimberlé Crenshaw observes, “interact” and “overlap.” In a Halo game, Viagra pharmacy, skulls are elective difficulty modifiers that affect particular game systems. For example, activating one skull halves the player’s ammo while activating another removes the on-screen radar. As I wrote on First Person Scholar Viagra For Sale, , “Activating multiple skulls in a Halo game effectively models intersectional forms of oppression. The individual effects of each of these skulls do not simply run in parallel; rather, they intersect, buy Viagra from mexico, overlap and interlock, just like systems of oppression.” For example, one skull will make enemies throw grenades more frequently while another skull increases the explosion radius of those same grenades. About Viagra, When we came to our unit on intersectionality, I assigned students to read both Scalzi’s article and my First Person Scholar essay alongside some foundational feminist texts on intersectionality and privilege. And, as they did their reading over the weekend, I was at home devising an elaborate activity with a staggering number of moving parts, where can i buy cheapest Viagra online. Given the complexity of the activity, it's understandable that I would try to hide the proceedings of my class. It could have gone horribly awry, Viagra For Sale. But did it. Ordering Viagra online, Here's what happened and what we learned from the activity.
When I asked for a volunteer with substantial Halo experience to come forward at the start of class, Bryan jumped into the hot seat. I handed him the controller and loaded up the iconic beach landing section of the “Silent Cartographer” level in Halo: Combat Evolved. Viagra For Sale, The game was set to Casual difficulty with no skulls activated. Unsurprisingly, online buying Viagra hcl, Bryan cleared the beach handily, even as he re-familiarized himself with Halo’s control scheme. On this initial run, Viagra description, the grunts (the basic enemy type of Halo) were practically paper thin and the Elites (a more advanced enemy type) didn't require much effort either.
But that’s when we kicked it into high gear. I turned the difficulty up to Legendary and activated each of the skulls that have negative effects, briefly explaining to the class how each one would affect Bryan’s experience. As the odds stacked higher and higher, Bryan steeled himself for the challenge, Viagra For Sale. We restarted the beach landing and my students cheered him on: “Go Bryan, kjøpe Viagra på nett, köpa Viagra online, go!”
He failed within thirty seconds.
Following this initial demonstration, I broke the students up into six small groups and assigned each group to work through some internet resources on forms of oppression and privilege centering on race, Viagra duration, gender identity, ability, sex, class and sexual orientation (one category per group). [You can find the resources I used on this handout.] I asked the students to try to think about forms of oppression and privilege that might seem to pertain only to the identity category in their particular group, Viagra natural. In other words, I asked them to intentionally do non-intersectional thinking. Viagra For Sale, Meanwhile, Christopher Sawula, my friend and colleague at Emory, ran what I term "the Halo Station": two XBoxes hooked up to two monitors side-by side, one loaded with Halo: Reach and the other with Halo: Combat Evolved Anniversary. Christopher granted some students the opportunity to play through Halo: Reach’s single-player mode set to Casual difficulty with no skulls on. Viagra coupon, But he also cajoled other students into coming up in pairs to attempt the beach landing scene on Legendary difficulty with all skulls on (LASO, for short). If students didn't know how to play Halo, Christopher would help them learn the controls. Or as he so eloquently put it: “My role was mostly to tell students that B or Rb was used to punch people in the face.”
At the halfway mark, online buy Viagra without a prescription, I recombined the students into two large groups, ensuring that at least one student from each small, category-specific group had a seat in each circle. With these miniature intersectional think tanks in place, I asked them to combine forces in order to think about ways in which the forms of oppression that they had discussed in their small groups might intersect with forms of oppression that others had discussed, Viagra For Sale. Viagra maximum dosage, Meanwhile, students at the Halo Station continued to play under Christopher's guidance.
The Results: Halo Station
The Halo Station’s primary purpose was to function as an engaging, interactive metaphor for students to think about privilege, oppression and intersectionality, buy Viagra no prescription. I wanted the Casual Halo: Reach players to experience the seductive privilege of triumphantly moving through space as obstacles practically eliminated themselves. And I wanted the Legendary Halo: CE players to tacitly feel the compounding effects of intersecting forms of oppression. Viagra For Sale, Beyond this basic metaphor, however, the activity produced three notable teachable moments.
1) Carl was the first student to play Halo: Reach set to Casual. Viagra overnight, She wasn't particularly skilled at Halo, but the challenge was so minimal that she was able to traipse lazily through the level, enjoying the scenery. Sometimes Carl would get swarmed by enemies but he almost never failed the level, except when he fell into the water because, order Viagra online c.o.d, as Carl put it, he thought that Master Chief could swim.
After a few minutes she tellingly revealed, “I’m bored.” Despite Carl’s relative inexperience with Halo, Viagra class, the level was so unchallenging that he felt like the game was simply handing her an undeserved victory. This moment of boredom relates to John Scalzi’s idea that playing a game on easy is akin to navigating the world as a “straight white male.” While the challenge of Halo on LASO proved to be too much for my students, the privilege of the Casual difficulty mode readily facilitated Carl’s carefree journey through the forest, Viagra For Sale.
2) As Christopher funneled students through the LASO challenge, he heard frequent expressions of frustration. Get Viagra, (“One student almost spiked my controller,” he reported to me later as we ferried my TV back to my apartment.) Some pairs of students tried repeatedly to clear the beach, failing every time. Eventually, Christopher had a difficult time recruiting new pairs of students to come play the LASO setup, canada, mexico, india. As one pair reluctantly trudged to the front of the classroom after much poking and prodding, Matt cautioned them, “It doesn't matter how good you are.” I used Matt’s warning as a teaching moment to explain how interlocking systems of oppression work: it often “doesn't matter how good you are” (at your job, Viagra dangers, for example) because, if you are perceived as belonging to certain identity categories, you will be at an automatic disadvantage. Viagra For Sale, 3) At one point, Caitlin, who had never played Halo before, was playing the Casual setup while Cody (reportedly the best Halo player in the room) and Rob attempted to clear the beach on LASO. Christopher and I stood back and watched their progress side by side. On the Casual setup, Viagra steet value, Caitlin was standing perfectly still, firing wildly into the air, hitting nothing, Purchase Viagra, while seven grunts poured ammunition into her Master Chief. It wasn't very fun for Caitlin but she was, at least, surviving.
Meanwhile, australia, uk, us, usa, on the LASO setup, Cody and Rob could not defeat a group of two or three grunts. I asked the students to compare each other’s experiences, Viagra For Sale. “What’s the problem?" I asked Cody and Rob, Viagra images, “Caitlin isn't having any trouble staying alive and she's fighting even more grunts than you.” This moment taught us that different people approach similar obstacles with certain preexisting advantages and disadvantages that radically alter the probability of their success.
[caption id="attachment_10638" align="aligncenter" width="540"] From left to right: Caitlin, Laura, after Viagra, Rob and Christopher at the Halo Station with a large discussion group in the background.[/caption]
The Results: Discussion Group
In the two large discussion groups at the end of class, I asked my students to do some intersectional thinking about how the forms of oppression that they had discussed in their small groups might overlap and intersect.
One group combined the facts that 1) many states don’t have employment protections based on sexual orientation and 2) hiring practices tend discriminate against people of color. Generic Viagra, A gay or lesbian person of color, they realized, can be fired based on their sexual orientation and then have a more difficult time regaining employment than a white gay or lesbian person would when trying to find a job. I would compare this to the function of the “Black Eye” skull in Halo Viagra For Sale, which, when activated, unfairly requires the player to melee an enemy in order to recharge their shields. With the “Black Eye” skull turned on, the player is faced with a nearly impossible challenge precisely when they are most vulnerable, Viagra interactions.
Both groups honed in on the intersection of ability and class, noting that not everyone is able to afford the assistive devices and medical care that a person with a disability might require. One group noted that ability seems to be a particularly significant axis of oppression given that people with disabilities also face difficulties in the workplace that would be compounded by other factors such as sex, Viagra australia, uk, us, usa, race, sexual orientation or gender identity.
I was impressed by my students’ intersectional thinking in these extemporaneous "think tanks." Given that this was the first time many of them had performed an in-depth investigation of particular forms of oppression, I was amazed by the speed with which they stopped thinking beyond rigid identitarian divisions and started thinking intersectionally. Within the confines of a short, fifty-minute class, my students were already hypothesizing about the intersection of race and sexual orientation in hiring and firing practices and about the intersection of class and ability in purchasing assistive devices, Viagra For Sale.
Because I was initially concerned about the complexity and effectiveness of this activity, is Viagra addictive, I was relieved to receive positive feedback from my students. The Halo Station was a flashy way to grab my students' attention, yes, My Viagra experience, but it also proved to be an effective tool for facilitating some intersectional thinking.
Sarah H. wrote:
“At first I wasn't sure how Halo could relate to this concept of intersecting identities, especially since I had never played Halo before nor knew how the game worked.., Viagra street price. After seeing several of the other students play the game, it made me think more about the concept of intersectionality. For instance, Viagra without prescription, it is much easier for a white, upper-class, straight man to move through the world and [he] is afforded multiple privileges that many others who do not fit into this mold run into on a daily basis.”
Sarah shared my initial trepidation about the activity but ultimately found Halo to be a useful thought experiment in elaborating a concept of intersectionality. Susan similarly reported that the activity “reminded [her] of the existence of numerous types of oppressions and how they interconnect.”
David used the activity as an opportunity to think about his own social location:
“As an upper middle-class white person, there are so many forms of oppression, which I may be aware of, order Viagra from United States pharmacy, but I have not really experienced myself. I felt the video game test .... [was] a really good metaphor for how some people’s lives are much easier or more difficult .., Viagra For Sale. on a daily basis. Buy cheap Viagra, People who come from an ‘easy setting’ like an upper class straight white person, have little obstacles in their daily lives and are able to easily and smoothly go about their day-to-day activities. Those who are on a ‘difficult setting’ face so many obstacles like racism all the time.”
On a related note, Caitlin wrote that, taken as a whole, what is Viagra, the week’s readings and activities on intersectionality “really made [her] step back and think about all of the things [she] take[s] for granted every day.” And conversely, Rebekah noted that by “observing [her] classmates playing Halo,” she realized that “the more oppressed one is the more one has to prove themselves.”
But perhaps I should conclude with an anecdote about my own participation in the activity: At the end of class, Where to buy Viagra, my pride got the better of me. I was confident I could clear the beach. I called on Cody, my Halo all-star, to be my partner. Because I'm an experienced Halo Viagra For Sale, player and a LASO veteran, I was fairly confident that Cody and I could end the class on a triumphant note.
“Take it slow,” I advised. “And follow my lead.” We held back, hiding behind rocks, sniping grunts with our pistols and using grenades to wear down the Elites’ shields. Partway through, I got lucky and was able to melee a defenseless grunt in order to recharge my shields. We made it to the last two Elites and those students observing the action at the Halo Station excitedly told us we were almost there.
Then our pride became our downfall. “ We've got this,” I assured Cody and we rushed in. But Cody went down in the skirmish and, as I swooped in from the flanking position, I was summarily dispatched by an Elite. "It doesn't matter how good you are.".
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Buy Cipro Without Prescription, “Why do you act so white?”
Her name was Shanti. I will always remember the exact look on her face, how her head floated in my vision surrounded by the artifacts of a high school classroom, buy Cipro without a prescription. It was the 10th grade, Order Cipro from United States pharmacy, American Sign Language class, and I was clearly not white.
I’ve revisited these three seconds of memory often throughout life, Cipro treatment, coming back with different answers each time. Order Cipro from mexican pharmacy, At first, I thought it was absurd that someone could “act so white,” how could someone act a race, online Cipro without a prescription. Eventually, I came to associate that question with ‘Why are you so educated?’ since, at the time, I found many non-white people to act rather unrefined, Buy Cipro Without Prescription.
It wasn’t just me asking this to myself. Cipro overnight, More people took note of my non-whiteness and proclivity to surround myself with it. It also came in reverse, with white friends glad I didn’t act like those kind of non-white people, buy cheap Cipro no rx. I remembered visiting Chicago and seeing an improv theatre show with about 200 other people. Buy Cipro Without Prescription, For the first time in my life, I noticed I was in a room where I was the only person who wasn’t white. Buy Cipro online no prescription, It was startling, considering this pattern I’ve noticed. What is going on with me, is Cipro addictive.
What I’ve come to learn is how the status quo, Cipro no prescription, the marker which we all mediate our lives with, is actually the culture of the hegemonic class. The labels of this group can go on forever, buy Cipro no prescription, so let’s just settle for white American patriarchy. Which is why there are so many othering stereotypes of people who fall out of this, while whiteness gets assigned traits associated with the general person, Buy Cipro Without Prescription. Cipro samples, Black men are often typecast as uneducated gangsters and white men the honest average joes. We see getting a university education as a standard that everyone should achieve, but politics that disproportionately affect non-white people frequently makes achieving the American Dream, after Cipro, whatever that is now, Online buying Cipro, far out of reach.
There is a similar status quo in the game industry. An expectation for objective, taking Cipro, fact-driven games and journalism. Buy Cipro Without Prescription, When personal experience enters, it is met with distrust. Buy Cipro from mexico, Herein lies the problem- when you leave out the personal, all that’s left is the status quo. Because that 'standard' consists of the values of a particular type of culture associated with the hegemonic, buy cheap Cipro, privileged class, Cheap Cipro no rx, there is actually something personal and subjective going on all the time. Thus, by leaving out the particular experiences of the silenced and marginalized, Cipro brand name, it bars anyone from revealing the bias that exists within this supposed stoically neutral discourse. Is Cipro safe, It takes away the vocal chords of a person in a room full of shouting.
It is interesting to note that many of those taking to writing journalism or design games with a strong focus on the personal are social minorities, Buy Cipro Without Prescription. What was, indeed, where can i buy Cipro online, once a genre where those recounting their childhood memories of video games or pet projects with mary sues abound is now subverted by a newer trend. Purchase Cipro online no prescription, People have found a method for speaking where once they had none. A method to not only plainly recount and explain their marginalization, but to actually get people to feel it, Cipro mg.
There’s a recent resurgence of critique of using personal experience. Buy Cipro Without Prescription, That’s just a small bit as it pertains to game journalism, but there is common skepticism of personal games and how to relate to them that mirrors this conversation. Cipro pharmacy, While there are many shades of criticism for personal, often called confessional, writing, my Cipro experience, there’s a salient pattern in the pushback against it. Cipro steet value, A lot of it boils down to the pejorative term ‘confessional,’ and the discomfort of those reading it. Those who see it as confessional writing equate their relationship to the piece as a kind of therapy for the author, Cipro from mexico, the reader an involuntary psychologist or friend. Purchase Cipro for sale, They feel they can’t critique the piece without insulting the person who had a Very Sad Thing Happen. To them, what should be in a LiveJournal post can’t make a sound argument, Buy Cipro Without Prescription. As described by others, personal writing is exploiting the intimate experience for a cheap cause or a get out of jail card, online buying Cipro hcl.
Let’s pick on that word then, Cipro recreational, exploitation. It is telling that this discourse finds the use of emotions and the personal as a means of exploiting both the reader and the author’s life, turning experience into a commodity that is strategically sold, Cipro interactions. Turning the self into a meat farm to gain some sort of profit. Buy Cipro Without Prescription, I find this to be a result of inner conflict within the skeptic- they face negative feelings they don’t want to deal with. Cipro price, coupon, A story makes them feel terrible, maybe bad about themselves. We see this in the news, Cipro use, but because it’s a report of the facts, No prescription Cipro online, we can flip and click away the guilt. Personal experience used in criticism and games won’t let you turn away so fast, and what has happened with some people is the feeling of being compromised by the author, about Cipro. It’s frequent that the writer or designer purposefully shows their hypocrisy, Cipro cost, because it is the position society forces them into. It isn’t tied in the neat little bow allies and those of self import want, to praise or damn it, Buy Cipro Without Prescription. I argue it’s not exploitation occurring, but implication, Cipro description.
Witnessing the personal experience implicates the reader into the knowing party. Cipro natural, They become a witness to something they know shouldn’t happen. Instead of the cold statistics of the transgender community’s suicide rate, which one flips by, canada, mexico, india, the reader sees why suicide is so frequent. Buy Cipro Without Prescription, They can relate on some level, and now have to think about their own actions in relation to that experience. Cipro australia, uk, us, usa, There is a feeling of I’m letting this happen, I now know it, I have no excuse. The armchair liberal parts of us don’t want to see what is happening to the people patiently waiting, or not for many transgender people, for society to get over itself. The well-meaning ally who hasn’t done anything wrong feels slighted that minorities are guilting them.
This has been the story for decades and centuries. Social progress comes only after those with power gasp and say, ‘Wow, I didn’t know it was that bad!’ In this context, the personal experience is rebellion, it won’t allow the status quo to go unchallenged and stay superior without their readers feeling a major sense of dissonance, Buy Cipro Without Prescription. Personal games make you intimate with the way works influence players with their politics without the participants’ awareness. The other path isn’t bare because it’s impossible, but because it’s silenced.
“Sometimes, I just need to... decolonize my hair.”
I was waiting for the M line, sitting on a seat slicked by mist. Buy Cipro Without Prescription, I looked over to a girl explaining something to a friend. Her hair looked like mine when I spent hours a day flat-ironing it, straightening the blackness out. It wasn’t until last year that I just had to stop- it was too expensive, too painful. I wanted to be pretty without burning my scalp twice a week. It was one of my first acts of rebellion, both from the society that prizes white beauty and myself, riddled with internalized racism. I took the same philosophy to my writing, letting the pouring rain reveal its curls.
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[caption id="attachment_6216" align="alignright" width="120" caption="A picture of Eli Vance, an older African American male with gray hair and vandyke. His left leg is a prosthetic, and he wears cargo pants, a Harvard sweatshirt, and a green vest over that."][/caption] Note: … Continue reading
One of our staff writers released a game last November. Considering it is a game that features a middle-aged woman as the protagonist, it seems odd that we never actually, you know, provided our readers here with a link. What … Continue reading